Florence Nightingale - Environmental Adaptation Theory

Florence Nightingale 1820-1910

Environmental Adaptation Theory


Nightingale, F. (1859).  Notes on nursing: What it is, and what it is not.  London:Harrison.     

Barritt, E. R. (1973). Florence Nightingale's values and modern nursing education.  Nursing Forum, 12(1), 7-47.


Palmer, I. S. (1983). Nightingale revisited. Nursing Outlook, 31(4), 229-233.


Cohen, I. B. (1984). Florence Nightingale. Scientific American, 250(3), 128-137.  Monteiro, L. A. (1985). Florence Nightingale on public health nursing.  American Journal of Public Health, 75(2), 181-186.


Gropper, E. I. (1990). Florence Nightingale: Nursing's first environmental theorist.  Nursing Forum, 25(3), 30-33.


Decker, B., & Farley, J. K. (1991). What would Nightingale say?  Nurse Educator, 16(3), 12-13.


Widerquist, J. G. (1992). The spirituality of Florence Nightingale.   Nursing Research, 41(1), 49-55.


Selanders, L. C. (1995). Florence Nightingale: An environmental adaptation theory.  In C. M. McQuiston, & A. A. Webb (Eds.), Foundations of nursing theory: Contributions of 12 key theorists (pp. 415-456). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.


Reed, P. G., & Zurakowski, T. L. (1996). Nightingale: Foundations of nursing.  In J. J. Fitzpatrick & A. L. Whall (Eds.), Conceptual models of nursing: Analysis and application (3rd ed., pp. 27-54). Stamford, CT: Appleton & Lange.


Resource center of the Florence Nightingale Museum


Country Joe McDonald's Tribute to Florence Nightingale