Katharine Kolcaba 1944-
Theory of comfort
Holistic comfort is defined as the immediate experience of being strengthened through having the needs for relief, ease, and transcendence met in four contexts of experience (physical, psychospiritual, social, and environmental)
Kolcaba, K. Y., & Kolcaba, R. J. (1991). An analysis of the concept of comfort. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 16(11), 1301-1310.
Kolcaba, K. Y. (1992). Gerontological nursing: The concept of comfort in an environmental framework. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 18(6), 33-38.
Kolcaba, K. Y. (1992). Holistic comfort: Operationalizing the construct as a nurse-sensitive outcome. Advances in Nursing Science, 15(1), 1-10.
Kolcaba, K. Y. (1994). A theory of holistic comfort for nursing. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 19(6), 1178-1184.
Kolcaba, K. Y. (1995). The art of comfort care. Image: Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 27(4), 287-289.
Kolcaba, K. Y., & Fisher, E. M. (1996). A holistic perspective on comfort care as an advance directive. Critical Care Nursing Quarterly, 18(4), 66-76.
Vendlinski, S., & Kolcaba, K. Y. (1997). Comfort care: A framework for hospice nursing.
Kolcaba, K., & Fox, C. (1999). The effects of guided imagery on comfort of women with early stage breast cancer undergoing radiation therapy. Oncology Nursing Forum, 26(1), 67-72.
Kolcaba, K., & Steiner, R. (2000). Empirical evidence for the nature of holistic comfort. Journal of Holistic Nursing, 18(1), 46-62.
Kolcaba, K. (2001). Evolution of the mid range theory of comfort for outcomes research. Nursing Outlook, 49(2), 86-92.
Novak, B., Kolcaba, K., Steiner, R., & Dowd, T. (2001). Measuring comfort in caregivers and patients during late end-of-life care. American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine, 18(3), 170-180.
Kolcaba, K. (2003). Comfort theory and practice: A vision for holistic health care. New York: Springer.
Kolcaba, K. (2004). Comfort. In S. J. Peterson & T. S. Bredow (Eds.), Middle range theories: Application to nursing research (pp. 255-273). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Kolcaba, K., & DiMarco, M. A. (2005). Comfort theory and its application to pediatric nursing. Pediatric Nursing, 31(3), 187-194.
Kolcaba, K., Tilton, C, & Drouin, C. (2006). Comfort theory: A unifying framework to enhance the practice environment. Journal of Nursing Administration, 36(11), 538-544.
The Comfort Line: A Web Site Devoted to the Concept of COMFORT in Nursing