Margaret Newman - Theory of Health as Expanding Consciousness


Margaret Newman 1933-

Theory of Health as Expanding Consciousness

The theory of health as expanding consciousness stems from Rogers' theory of unitary human beings. Rogers' assumptions regarding patterning of persons in interaction with the environment are basic to the view that consciousness is a manifestation of an evolving pattern of person-environment interaction.   Consciousness is defined as the informational capacity of the system (in this case, the human being); that is, the ability of the system to interact with the environment (Bentov, 1978). Consciousness includes not only the cognitive and affective awareness normally associated with consciousness, but also the interconnectedness of the entire living system, which includes physiochemical maintenance and growth processes as well as the immune system. This pattern of information, which is the consciousness of the system, is part of a larger, undivided pattern of an expanding universe. (Extract from: Overview of Health As Expanding Consciousness by Margaret A. Newman)

 

Newman, M. A.  (1972). Nursing's theoretical evolution.  Nursing Outlook, 20(5), 449-453.

 

Newman, M.A. (1979). Theory development in nursing. Philadelphia: F.A. Davis.

 

Newman, M. A. (1982). Time as an index of expanding consciousness with age. Nursing Research, 31(5), 290-293.

 

Newman, M.A. (1983). Newman's health theory. In I. Clements & F. Roberts (Eds.), Family health: A theoretical approach to nursing care (pp. 161-175). New York: John Wiley.

 

Engle, V. F. (1984). Newman's conceptual framework and the measurement of older adults' health. Advances in Nursing Science, 7(1), 24-36.

 

Newman, M. A. (1984). Nursing diagnosis: Looking at the whole. American Journal of Nursing, 84(12), 1496-1499.

 

Newman, M.A. (1986). Health as Expanding Consciousness. St. Louis: Mosby.

 

Newman, M. A. (1987).  Aging as increasing complexity.  Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 13(9), 16-18.

 

Newman, M.A. (1990). Newman's theory of health as praxis. Nursing Science Quarterly, 3(1), 37-41

 

Gustafson, W. (1990). Application of Newman's theory of health: Pattern recognition as nursing practice. In M. E. Parker (Ed.), Nursing theories in practice (pp. 141-161).  New York: National League for Nursing.

 

Kalb, K. A. (1990). The gift: Applying Newman's theory of health in nursing practice.  In M. Parker (Ed.), Nursing theories in practice (pp. 163-186). New York: National League for Nursing.

 

Newman, M. A. (1990). Shifting to higher consciousness. In M. E. Parker (Ed.), Nursing theories in practice (pp. 129-139). New York: National League for Nursing.

 

Newman, M. A.  (1990). Toward an integrative model of professional practice.  Journal of Professional Nursing, 6(3), 167-173.

 

Newman, M. A., Lamb, G. S., & Michaels, C.  (1991). Nurse case management: The coming together of theory and practice.  Nursing & Health Care, 12(8), 404-408.

 

Newman, M. A., Sime, A. M., & Corcoran-Perry, S. A. (1991). The focus of the discipline of nursing. Advances in Nursing Science, 14(1), 1-6.

 

Newman, M. A. (1992). Prevailing paradigms in nursing.  Nursing Outlook, 40(1), 10-14.

  

Marchione, J. (1993). Margaret Newman: Health as expanding consciousness. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

 

Newman, M. A. (1994). Health expanding consciousness (2nd ed.). New York:  National League for Nursing.

 

Newman, M.A. (1994). Theory for nursing practice. Nursing Science Quarterly, 7(4), 153-157.

 

Newman, M. A. (1995). A developing discipline: Selected works of Margaret Newman. New York: National League for Nursing.

  

Marchione, J. (1995). Margaret Newman: Health as expanding consciousness.  In C. M. McQuiston & A. A. Webb ( Eds.), Foundations of nursing theory: Contributions of 12 key theorists (pp. 261-316). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

 

Engle, V. F. (1996).  Newman's theory of health. In J. J. Fitzpatrick & A. L. Whall (Eds.), Conceptual models of nursing: Analysis and application (3rd ed., pp. 275-288).  Stamford, CT: Appleton & Lange.

 

Newman, M.A. (1996). Theory of the nurse-client partnership. In E. Cohen (Ed.), Nurse case management in the 21st Century (pp. 119-123). St. Louis: Mosby Year-book.

 

Newman, M. A.  (1997).   Experiencing the whole.  Advances in Nursing Science, 20(1), 34-39.

 

Newman, M. A. (1997). Evolution of the theory of health as expanding consciousness. Nursing Science Quarterly, 10(1), 22-25.

 

Yamashita, M., Jensen, E., & Tall, F.  (1998). Therapeutic touch: Applying Newman's theoretic approach.  Nursing Science Quarterly, 11(2) 49-50.

 

Desai, S., Keffer, M. J., Hensley, D. Kilgore-Keever, K. A., Langfitt, J. V. & Peterson, L. (1998). Margaret A. Newman: Model of Health. In A. M. Tomey & M. R. Alligood (Eds.), Nursing theorists and their work (4th ed., pp. 496-515). St. Louis: Mosby.

 

Newman, M. A. (1999). The rhythm of relating in a paradigm of wholeness. Image: Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 31(3), 227-230.

 

Pharris, M. D.  (2001). Margaret A. Newman: Health as expanding consciousness.  In Parker, M. (Ed.), Nursing theories and nursing practice (pp. 263-274).  Philadelphia: Davis.

 

Newman, M. A. (2002). Caring in the human health experience. International Journal for Human Caring. 6(2), 8-12.

 

Newman, M. A. (2002). The pattern that connects. Advances in Nursing Science, 24(3), 1-7.

 

Witucki, J. M. (2002). Newman's theory of health as expanding consciousness in nursing practice. In M. R. Alligood & A. M. Tomey (Eds.), Nursing theory utilization & application (2nd ed., pp. 429-449). St. Louis: Mosby.

 

Newman, M. A. (2003).  A world of no boundaries. Advances in Nursing Science, 26(4), 240-245.         

Endo, E. (2004). Nursing praxis with Margaret Newman's theory of health expanding consciousness. Nursing Science Quarterly, 17(2), 110-115.