Patricia Benner - Novice to Expert Model

Patricia Benner

Novice to Expert Model

Benner Associates


Benner, P. (1982). From novice to expert…the Dreyfus Model of Skill Acquisition.   American Journal of Nursing, 82(3), 402-407.


Benner, P.  (1982). From novice to expert.   American Journal of Nursing,82 (3), 402-407.


Benner, P., & Wrubel, J.  (1982a). Skilled clinical knowledge: The value of perceptual awareness. Part 1.  Journal of Nursing Administration, 12(5), 11-14.


Benner, P., & Wrubel, J.  (1982b). Skilled clinical knowledge: The value of perceptual awareness.  Part 2.  Journal of Nursing Administration, 12(6), 28-33.


Benner, P.  (1984). From novice to expert: Excellence and power in clinical nursing practice. Menlo Park, CA: Addison-Wesley.


Benner, P., & Tanner, C.  (1987). Clinical judgment: How expert nurses use intuition.  American Journal of Nursing, 87(1), 23-31.


Benner, P.  (1987). A dialogue with excellence.  American Journal of Nursing, 87(9), 117-1172.


Benner, P., & Wrubel, J.  (1988). Caring comes first.  American Journal of Nursing, 88(8), 1072-1075.


Benner, P., & Wrubel, J.  (1989).  The primacy of caring:  Stress and coping in health and illness. Menlo Park, CA: Addison-Wesley.


Benner, P., DeCoste, B., & Clark,  L.  (1990). Dialogues with excellence: The many faces of advocacy.  American Journal of Nursing, 90(1), 80-82.


Pratt, K. A.  (1991). Dialogues with excellence: Extending the community of care.  American Journal of Nursing, 91(4), 58-59.


Benner, P. (1992).  The role of narrative experience and community in ethical comportment. Advances in Nursing Science, 14(2), 1-21.


Mottley, B. W. &  Benner, P.  (1992). Dialogues with excellence: Bringing Stanley back.  American Journal of Nursing, 92(6), 34-37.


Benner, P., Tanner, C., & Chesla, C.  (1992).  From beginner to expert: Gaining a differentiated clinical world in critical care nursing.  Advances in Nursing Science,  14(3), 13-28.


English, I. (1993). Intuition as a function of the expert nurse: A critique of Benner's novice to expert model. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 18(3),  387-393.


Benner, P.  (1994).  Interpretive phenomenology: Embodiment, caring and ethics in health and illness. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.


Phillips, S., &  Benner, P. (Eds.). (1994).  The crisis of care: Affirming and restoring caring practices in the helping professions. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.


Benner, P., Tanner, C., & Chesla, C.  (1996). Expertise in nursing practice: Caring, clinical judgment, and ethics.  New York: Springer.


Haag-Heitman, B., &  Kramer, A.  (1998). Creating a clinical practice development model.  American Journal of Nursing, 98(8), 39-43.


Mitre, J. C., Alexander, J.E., & Keller, S. (1998). Patricia Benner: From novice to expert: Excellence and power in clinical nursing practice.  In A. M. Tomey & M. R. Alligood (Eds.), Nursing theorists and their work (4th ed., pp. 157-172). St. Louis: Mosby.


Benner, P.  (1999). Claiming the wisdom and worth of clinical practice.  Nursing & Health Care Perspectives, 20(6), 312-319.


Benner, P.  (2000). The roles of embodiment, emotion and lifeworld for rationality and agency in nursing practice.  Nursing Philosophy, 1(1), 5-19.


Benner, P.  (2000). The wisdom of practice.  American Journal of Nursing, 100(10), 99-102.


Edwards, S. D.  (2001). Benner and Wrubel on caring in nursing.  Journal of Advanced Nursing,  33(2), 167-171.


Emami, W., Benner, P., & Ekman, S.L. (2001).  A sociocultural health model for late-in-life immigrants.  Journal of Transcultural Nursing,  12(1), 15-24.


Weiss, S.M., Malone, R. E., Merighi, J.R., & Benner, P.  (2002). Economism, efficiency, and the moral ecology of good nursing practice. Canadian Journal of Nursing Research.34 (2), 95-119.


Benner, P., Sheets, V., Uris, P., Malloch, K., Schwed, K., & Jamison, D. (2002). Individual, practice, and system causes of errors in nursing: A taxonomy.  Journal of Nursing Research.  32(10), 509-523.


Benner, P. (2002). Finding the good behind the right: A dialogue between nursing and bioethics. In F. G. Miller, J. C. Fletcher, & J. M. Humber (Eds.), The nature and prospect of bioethics, interdisciplinary perspectives. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.


Brykczynski, K. A. (2002). Benner's philosophy in nursing practice. In M. R. Alligood & A. M. Tomey (Eds.), Nursing theory utilization & application (2nd ed. pp. 123-148). St. Louis: Mosby.


Harrington, C., Crider, M.C., Benner, P., & Malone, R. (2005). Advanced nursing training in health policy: Designing and implementing a new program. Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice 6(2), 99-108.


Benner, P.  (2005). Stigma and personal responsibility: Moral dimensions of a chronic illness. In R. B. Purtilo, G.M. Jensen, & C. B. Royeen (Eds.), Educating for moral action: A sourcebook in health and rehabilitation ethics. Philadelphia: F.A. Davis Co.


Benner, P., & Leonard, V.W. (2005). Patient concerns and choices and clinical judgment in EBP.  In B. Melnyk & E. Fineout-Overholt (Eds.), Evidence-based practice in nursing and healthcare: A guide to best practices. Philadelphia: Lippincott.